As I was wrapping up my other extended-functioning sequence, the Andre Norton Reread, I outlined a theme which is been niggling at me for a although. That is the way in which Norton’s horse-savvy collaborator, Lyn McConchie, portrays horses as opposed to the magical and, at the very least bodily, horselike Keplians. I outlined in my submit that I’ve viewed this before in another most loved author’s performs, in Anne McCaffrey’s Dragonsdawn, when the horse trainers come to be dragonriders. The moment the fantasy creatures take in excess of, the horses get dropped chilly.
Of study course there all forms of causes and excuses. Dragons are predators on steroids, and herd animals are their natural prey—and the “runnerbeasts” of the early textbooks get retrofitted to turn into slightly mutated descendants of the original colonists’ horses. Of study course the moment you develop into a dragonrider, you have to abandon your horses for their own safety. Otherwise they’ll get eaten.
Keplians are not wherever near as deadly as dragons. Their issue is that they are really intelligent, properly up together the human scale and maybe past it, and they have nothing but contempt for very poor, silly, non-telepathic horses. In a natural way the moment our heroine bonds mentally with the Keplians, she’ll nonetheless use the pony she rides for most of the guide, but she’ll be entirely targeted on the large, shiny, spectacular, quite good magical beings.
This is not an unheard of theme. Mercedes Lackey’s Companions appear like horses but are in fact magical creatures of good electric power and significant intelligence. Horses are important transport in Valdemar, but mentally and emotionally, they just cannot hold up.
I appreciate horse-adjacent magical beings. I adore the unicorn in Peter S. Beagle’s The Last Unicorn, and was just as horrified as she was when the would-be-practical wizard turned her into a human. When I was a teenager I desired to be a dragonrider. I was on Workforce Pooka in Emma Bull’s War for the Oaks, and if The Key of the Keplian experienced existed at the time, I would happily have signed on to Crew Keplian, too. As for Companions, perfectly, I managed to stop up with the our-globe equivalents.
And which is where I start out to pull the whole educate up quick. For a very long time I acquired into the thought that horses are nice and all that, but dragons and Keplians and Companions are nicer. Larger. Fancier. Shinier. And significantly smarter. They can speak to you. In your brain, indeed, but they use words and phrases and they carry on conversations.
I see the attraction, and also the irritation. Human beings in standard are very verbal and really much invested in the power of spoken language. I try to remember the typically acrimonious debate above no matter if sign language for the Deaf was even a language. A language is spoken, the opposition declared. People discuss, and that speech is what distinguishes them from animals. (The implication about the Deaf was not subtle.)
There’s a extensive tradition in literature of animals that speak. Either they’re just assumed to be accomplishing it, or they are endowed with human speech by magic or divine intervention. Beast fables aspect animals performing and talking like individuals, with human culture and establishments. The story may well attribute a fox or a rabbit or a lion or a donkey, but the viewpoint—the gaze, we may well say—is usually human.
Genuine true animals of course do not converse, other than some birds (and there is much discussion there as to whether they realize what they are saying—hence the phrase “parroting” which suggests “repeating text or ideas without having comprehending their meaning”). This is frustrating for human beings who would like to be in a position to reveal matters. Or have factors stated to them alternatively of getting to guess.
That’s why, in fantasy, the favourite trope of the telepathic animal companion. The vocal equipment may possibly not be suited to human speech, but talking mind to mind solves the issue. Very normally then, simply because humans worth intelligence, or at the very least human-like intelligence, the fantasy animal will be able of human-degree assumed and motive as perfectly.
I really do not have a trouble with that. It is fantasy. If we want to have on a discussion with a dragon or a unicorn or a Keplian, why shouldn’t we? These are good characters, lovingly and very carefully drawn, and the connection among them and their humans is 1 of the most effective points about the guides and tales they seem in.
I start out to have a trouble when the fantasy animal is when compared with a non-fantasy animal, and the non-fantasy animal suffers in the comparison. Oh, states the writer through their figures, we love our regular animals, but they’re just not as brilliant as our fantasy animals. Very poor issues, so dull and plain and normal, and seriously, they are not very bright. They can not communicate to us the way our fantasy animals can.
And then our fantasy figures dump their poor silly unexciting animals. Or use them and exploit them but be all about the fantasy animals, the way the pony is dealt with in The Crucial of the Keplian. For all his good and faithful service, he will get a life of really hard labor. Then he’s dropped by the wayside when the human he’s served so loyally is permitted to journey the Keplians.
I will give McConchie a person point. She takes to coronary heart her mentor and collaborator Norton’s fascination with alien intelligence, and tries to present us how alien the Keplian head is and how considerably of a extend it is to converse with it. That is nice worldbuilding. But for all her seen knowledge of and affection for horses, she does not make the same energy with the horse.
Our knowledge of animal intelligence has state-of-the-art quite a little bit in the decades due to the fact the novel was published. Science is acquiring a broader and deeper understanding of how, and how substantially, animals assume. There is however a large volume of review to do, but indications are that animals are smarter than we used to consider. It’s possible it’s not the exact sort of smarts as ours, but it’s there, at times to a much higher diploma than we suspected.
Horses have tended to be classed as not quite dazzling. They are prey animals they spook at shadows. They live in the moment. They never feel forward. You can appreciate them and admire them for what they are, but when it arrives to simple smarts, they are not up there with, say, canine. And for fantasy reasons, they can not communicate to you in your head. They’re not able of it.
That is what the McConchie’s horse is like. Sweet, loyal, challenging-working. No question. But there is not considerably going on in his head. Not like the snapping traveling synapses of the Keplians.
So of study course, at the time the protagonist gets to know the magical animals, she keeps on employing the horse as transport, early, typically, and just about every day, but she hardly ever tries to see if her expanding psychological powers may possibly in fact operate with him. She does not even consider of it. She’s concluded from the start off that he’s not able of it.
Similar matter occurs with the proto-dragonriders in McCaffrey. They are specialist and dedicated horse trainers, but the horses never have an internal daily life to discuss of. Sure, it’s dangerous for them to be around the dragons, and they are totally freaked out by the large flying predators. And but there is not sufficient regret on the element of the trainers. Not more than enough grieving, perhaps, that horses are closed off to them by their connection to the dragons. Nope, it is that meme that is all in excess of the interwebs, the person going for walks down the avenue with his girlfriend and turning absent from her to whistle at the passing (and practically similar) random human female.
In the dragon universe, human beings who do not or can’t bond with the major ones can just take the consolation prize of a single or far more fire lizards. Which is quite neat and I wouldn’t brain one myself, but there are horses on this planet. McCaffrey was a horse human being, quite substantially so she lived on a horse farm in Ireland. But even Piemur’s pony-zoid is referred to as Silly and is anything at all but bright. It’s played for comic relief, not as a true animal companion.
Maybe, as we have an understanding of animal cognition much better and discover to regard it much more, we’ll regard our real-earth animals much more in fantasy configurations. By all usually means, deliver on the dragons and the Keplians, but give the horses their owing, far too. Find strategies to harmony the shiny new fantasy animal and the uninteresting previous genuine animal—who isn’t definitely unexciting at all, if we just let ourselves see it.
Judith Tarr is a lifelong horse person. She supports her pattern by producing will work of fantasy and science fiction as properly as historical novels, numerous of which have been printed as ebooks. She’s published a primer for writers who want to compose about horses: Writing Horses: The Wonderful Art of Getting It Ideal. She life around Tucson, Arizona with a herd of Lipizzans, a clowder of cats, and a blue-eyed canine.