WASHINGTON, February 19, 2022 – The United States Division of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health and fitness Inspection Services (APHIS) has verified the presence of extremely pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in a non-commercial backyard flock (non-poultry) in Suffolk County, New York.
Samples from the flock were being examined at the Cornell University Animal Well being Diagnostic Heart, portion of the National Animal Health and fitness Laboratory Community, and verified at the APHIS Countrywide Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) in Ames, Iowa.
APHIS is performing carefully with condition animal overall health officers in New York on a joint incident reaction. Condition officers quarantined the impacted premises, and birds on the houses will be depopulated to prevent the unfold of the illness. Birds from the flock will not enter the food stuff system.
In accordance to the U.S. Centers for Disease Management and Avoidance, the the latest HPAI detections in birds do not current an fast general public health issue. No human scenarios of these avian influenza viruses have been detected in the United States. As a reminder, the proper dealing with and cooking of poultry and eggs to an internal temperature of 165 ˚F kills bacteria and viruses.
As component of current avian influenza response designs, Federal and State companions are functioning jointly on added surveillance and testing in regions all over the affected flock. The United States has the strongest AI surveillance system in the world, and USDA is doing work with its companions to actively glimpse for the disease in commercial poultry functions, reside chicken marketplaces and in migratory wild chook populations.
Any person associated with poultry creation from the tiny yard to the big commercial producer should really overview their biosecurity functions to guarantee the health and fitness of their birds. APHIS has elements about biosecurity, which include films, checklists, and a toolkit readily available at https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/animal-disease-information/avian/defend-the-flock-system/dtf-sources/dtf-resources
USDA will report these results to the Planet Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) as well as worldwide investing companions. USDA also continues to converse with buying and selling partners to inspire adherence to OIE expectations and decrease trade impacts. OIE trade pointers contact on member nations around the world to not impose bans on the global trade of poultry commodities in response to such notifications in non-poultry.
APHIS will continue on to announce the very first circumstance of HPAI in professional and non-professional backyard flocks detected in a Condition but will not announce subsequent detections in the Condition. All conditions in professional and non-business backyard flocks will be listed on the APHIS web site at https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/animal-disorder-info/avian/avian-influenza/2022-hpai
In addition to practicing superior biosecurity, all chicken proprietors ought to stop speak to between their birds and wild birds and report unwell birds or uncommon bird deaths to State/Federal officers, both as a result of their condition veterinarian or by means of APHIS’ toll-free number at 1-866-536-7593. APHIS urges producers to take into consideration bringing birds indoors when doable to further more avoid exposures. The Animal Health and fitness Protection Act authorizes APHIS to supply indemnity payments to producers for birds and eggs that should be depopulated in the course of a disease reaction. APHIS also gives compensation for disposal pursuits and virus elimination functions. Supplemental facts on biosecurity for non-commercial yard flocks can be discovered at http://healthybirds.aphis.usda.gov.
Avian influenza (AI) is caused by an influenza type A virus which can infect poultry (these kinds of as chickens, turkeys, pheasants, quail, domestic ducks, geese, and guinea fowl) and is carried by cost-free flying waterfowl these kinds of as ducks, geese and shorebirds. AI viruses are categorized by a combination of two teams of proteins: hemagglutinin or “H” proteins, of which there are 16 (H1–H16), and neuraminidase or “N” proteins, of which there are 9 (N1–N9). A lot of distinct combos of “H” and “N” proteins are feasible. Each blend is regarded as a various subtype and can be further more broken down into different strains which circulate in flyways/geographic areas. AI viruses are additional classified by their pathogenicity (very low or superior)—the potential of a specific virus strain to create illness in domestic poultry.
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